Algal Blooms

Harmful Algal Blooms

HABs kill by hypoxia and poisoning

Seem to be increasingly common: 2009, 2014, 2015, 2016

And 2017

Benthics die too

Solution #1
Bo pian le!

Solution #2
Move the fish to bags and oxygenate

3 months of fish in bags?

Solution #3
Move inland

Note the blue fish tanks


Core problems are:



Keep oxygen levels within a healthy range!

Given 10-20 meters of depth

Also got Competition

Twice as hardy as normal ones and grow 15 per cent faster.

Weighing in at 500kg, the fish started their lives at the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority's Marine Aquaculture Centre (MAC) on St John's Island and were bred in an offshore farm in Riau.
Some 800,000 fries have been supplied to overseas contract farms like the one in Riau, which is operated by a local-based fishing company, Marine Harvest, which expects to produce up to 100 metric tonnes of fresh fish monthly, through to 2008.
Although the volume may not be enough to satisfy the demand from Singaporeans - who consume about 72,000 tonnes of fresh fish yearly - it signals an important step forward for food sustainability, said Mr Lim.
Another large-scale marine farm is expected to come on stream in the Senang/Semakau area by the end of this year, with a projected production capacity of up to 3,000 metric tonnes of fish.
-- Tania Tan, Thu, Oct 04, 2007, The Straits Times

Not long ago

Most Commonly Farmed

Salmon, Milkfish, Barramundi
Grouper, Snapper, Mullet

And freshwater for frogs, tilapia, indo snakehead, catfish

How hard can it be? ;)

Licenses are Non-transferable

Any farm purchase needs to be escrowed until the new license is approved

What are the current best-practices?

Use cupronickel nets
Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture

Sell your fish at Senoko Fishery Port

Get APF Money

Agricultural Productivity improvements for food-fish-farming get 70% cost coverage, capped at 700K SGD.

30% of that funding is cash up-front. No illegal activities in last 12 months. Maximum 3 productivity projects over lifetime of APF (till 31 Dec 2019).

Now go farm some seas!